Essential Principles of Interior Design

As responsible individuals, we spend at least 40 hours a week at our place of work. These environments are more powerful than we recognize and, thus, are well-thought out in regard to design. Everything from the wall hangings to paint color will affect our mood and ability to produce good work. That is why an entire industry of architects and interior designers flourish in creating seamless environments for both home and commercial spaces.

Design is much more than just wall hangings and paint color. A great deal of knowledge, both architectural and design-oriented, is critical to employing effective interior design. Designers must be licensed to offer their expertise in a given space, as well. While a final product might appear simple to achieve, it is anything but the case. Interior designers follow a set of principles which help accomplish homeostasis.

Consider the following interior design principles as essential to a work space environment:

Unity & Harmony

In order for an entire work space to be cohesive, the colors and design choices must resonate throughout all rooms of the space. Typically, a designer will showcase the architectural layout with a choice of two or three colors. These colors will complement one another throughout the entirety of the space.


In terms of interior design, balance refers to the equal supply of visual weight in the work space. This can be best understood by:

Symmetrical balance: When two identical objects are positioned on both sides of a vertical axis, mimicking the human form.

Asymmetrical balance: The placement of dissimilar objects to achieve a less manufactured look and feel. This is often understood as a focal point in a room that the designer purposely uses to attract the eye.

Radial balance: The process of placing all objects in a room around a center point of focus.

Focal Point

A good designer will enforce a focal point in every room. The focal point should ideally be a main attraction of the room, without overshadowing the other elements of design. Everything like scale, color, theme, and style are considered in creating an effective focal point. For example, the President's main office will establish a focal point via an impressive desk. All surrounding elements will reinforce this space.

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